Cardiac surgery - also called "open heart surgery" - refers to heart surgical procedures. The chest is opened, and the heart is stopped to repair or replace tissue, muscle, valves or arteries of the heart. The healthcare team at Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas and Baylor University Medical Center, part of Baylor Scott & White Health is specially equipped for these procedures.
Types of open-heart procedures include:
Baylor University Medical Center was rated High Performing in Aortic Valve Surgery and Heart Bypass Surgery by U.S. News & World Report for 2018-19. Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas was rated High Performing in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair and Heart Failure for 2018-19.
In this video, Robert Hebeler, Jr., MD, cardiothoracic surgeon at Baylor University Medical Center, provides an overview of the internationally known cardiac surgery program at Baylor University Medical Center.
Bypass or “open-heart” surgery is performed to repair or replace tissue, muscle, valves or the aorta, the main artery that carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. A surgeon opens a patient's chest and the heart is stopped to complete these procedures.
At Baylor University Medical Center these surgical procedures include coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump bypass and minimally-invasive heart bypass surgery.
The aorta is the main artery in your heart that carries blood to the rest of your body. Problems with the aorta can lead to serious or life-threatening emergencies. A multidisciplinary team of interventional cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons and imaging specialists on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas offer specialized aortic surgery services including aortic aneurysm repair and aortic valve surgery for conditions such as aortic dissection.
Heart valve disease is a condition that occurs when heart valves fail to open and close properly. If left untreated, valve disease may lead to arrhythmias, an abnormal heart rhythm, or congestive heart failure. A dedicated team of interventional cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and imaging specialists on the medical staff diagnose and treat patients with valve disease at the Center for Valve Disorders, part of Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular – Dallas.
Treatment options include open heart and minimally-invasive surgical procedures for valve repair and valve replacement.
An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm, a condition in which the heart may beat at an irregular pace, or too fast or too slow. Caused by a problem with the heart's electrical system, some arrhythmias have no complications; other more serious conditions can result in heart failure, stroke, or even cardiac arrest.
At the Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular – Dallas Heart Rhythm Center, a multidisciplinary team specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal heart rhythms. In addition to medication therapy, surgery procedure options include surgical ablation to destroy or remove the tissue causing the arrhythmia requiring general anesthesia. Minimally invasive surgery options are also available such as the Maze procedure to address atrial fibrillation, a specialized type of arrhythmia.
Heart failure is a condition which means your heart doesn’t work as well as it should. If the heart is too weak or too stiff, the heart, organs, and tissues receive an inadequate supply of blood, and you may have difficulty doing things that might have been easy in the past. You can experience heart failure without ever suffering a heart attack. The good news is that heart failure is a treatable condition.
The healthcare specialists on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas help patients diagnosed with heart failure, offering surgical treatment options including a left-ventricular assist device (LVAD), the total artificial heart and heart transplant.
A congenital heart defect is a malformation of the heart or major blood vessels present at birth. At Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular – Dallas, an experienced healthcare team helps treat patients with various congenital heart conditions. Care is individualized, ranging from simple to complex.
Surgical treatment options for the most common types of congenital heart problems include atrial septal defect repair, ventricular septal defect repair and tricuspid valve surgery.
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